Baltic Fund for Nature


Communities of waterfowl and shorebirds in the island part of Lake Ladoga are represented by the maximum set of species feasible in these habitats (Chapter 3). The abundance of most of them remains at a continuously high level, for some species (herring, common and little gulls) even showing certain growth. Most insular areas being relatively untouched, feeding resources adequate and habitats large enough, the viability of bird populations can be deemed quite high.

The major human-induced risks for waterfowl are (tab. 8.2.3):

  • intensifying "unmanaged" tourism on the islands,

  • poaching (including egg gathering, which is a common practice on Valaam),

  • pollution and eutrophication are less dangerous for northern Ladoga than for the shallow southern part of the lake.

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About project
  • Background
  • Purpose and Objectives
  • Project Personnel

  • Legislative basis
  • Legislation
  • Lake Ladoga drainage area as a management object

  • Environment
  • Geomorphology and landscapes
  • Climate
  • Waters, sediments and biota
  • Water - Land Border Zone
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems

  • Natural resources
  • Mineral
  • Agricultural
  • Forest
  • Fish
  • Game
  • Tourism

  • Protected areas
  • Leningrad region
  • Republic of Karelia

  • Social and demographic situation
  • History of the area
  • Population numbers and structure
  • Employment structure

  • Economy
  • Industry
  • Exploitation of mineral resources
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Fisheries
  • Hunting
  • Tourism
  • Transport
  • Economical significance of natural resources and resource use

  • Ecological assessment
  • Sources of human impact
  • Assessment of the state of ecosystem components
  • Hot spots

  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Development scenarios
  • Proposed strategies

  • Literature

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