Brief description of resources and economy in administrative districts of Priladozhie
The district centre is Lodeinoje pole. Oktyabrskaya railway and the "Kola" federal motor road cross in the northern part of the district parallel to the Svir river, which is an important navigable channel and a link between the White Sea, Lakes Onego and Ladoga, and the Baltic Sea. The vegetation cover is dominated by bilberry spruce stands and pine forests. Wide-spread are birch and aspen. Quite diverse is the species composition of fungi, pine wood game. The diversity of fish fauna in lakes and rivers is also very rich.
The major sectors are industry and transport. Other sectors of the public economy the district specializes in are water and railway transport, forest industry. Agriculture focuses predominantly on animal farming: meat and diary farming, hog farming.
The district centre is Volkhov. Oktyabrskaya railway and the Ladozhsky canal - a component of the Baltic-White Sea and the Volga-Don inland waterways, cut through the territory. The district has the mouths of the navigable rivers Svir, Pasha, Ojat', Syas' and Volkhov in its territory. The Murmansk - St. Petersburg ("Kola") motor road passes through the district.
The major role in the district economy is played by the building materials industry and the wood industry. There operate the Volkhovskaya HPP and aluminum smelter, Syassky pulp-and-paper mill, and logging is done. The main lines of agriculture are diary farming and potato growing. Fisheries enterprises work on the Ladoga Lake shore.
The district centre is Kirovsk. The district is crosses by the Staroladozhsky lock canal and the Novoladozhsky open-type canal. The district has a well developed rail network and lies within the suburban communications zone. The main railway hub is the Mga station where the lines St. Petersburg - Volkhov, Mga - Khvoinaya; Mga - Gatchina, etc. cross.
Kirovsky district is an industrial and transport suburb of St. Petersburg. Suburban agriculture is well developed here. There operate peat-extracting enterprises, a heat power plant. The construction materials industry including brick and lime tile production are well developed in the district. Other productive industries are machine building and metal working: machines and equipment, boats are manufactured. The main lines of agriculture are meat and diary farming, potato and vegetable growing. Fisheries enterprises are located along the Ladoga Lake shore.
The district centre is Vsevolozhsk. Most settlements in the south-western part of the district are actually St. Petersburg suburbs. The district territory is crossed by the railway line from Lahdenpohja, Priozersk to St. Petersburg, as well as several highways of the federal and regional levels.
The economy works mainly to satisfy the demands of St. Petersburg where a considerable part of the population works. The industrial sectors the district specializes in are peat extraction and processing, construction industry and building materials industry. Quite well developed is agriculture, which is also connected with the St. Petersburg demand for foods. In addition to this Vsevolozhsky district is a recreational area for St. Petersburg (a large number of summer cottage estates, recreation centres, sanatoriums).
The district centre is Priozersk. The district is rich in granite, gravel and boulder material, construction sand, brick clay deposits. The vegetation cover is dominated by spruce and pine forests.
In the industrial sphere the district specializes in the wood industry (saw timber and fibre boards), pulp-and-paper (Priozersky mill), building materials industry. There are some fisheries enterprises. Agriculture is developing with a focus on diary farming. The recreational and tourism potential is rather high.
REPUBLIC OF KARELIA
The district centre is Lahdenpohja. The vegetation cover is dominated by coniferous and mixed forests, as well as meadows. The area is noted for a high tourism and recreational potential (part of the district territory is reserved for further establishment of the Ladoga skerries" national park).A motor road and railway connecting the district to St. Petersburg and Petrozavods cross the district.
The territory possesses the following natural resources (workable reserves): graphite ores, boulder and gravel material, building stone, timber, fish resources.
The district specializes in the following sectors: building stone extraction, building materials industry, wood industry. Agriculture focuses mainly on the meat and diary farming and forage plant cultivation.
Sortavala municipality and the territory under its city hall.
The district centre is Sortavala. The territory includes also numerous islands along the north-western shore of Lake Ladoga including the Valaam archipelago. The Sortavala municipality territory possesses a rather high recreational potential, and part of it is reserved for further establishment of the "Ladoga skerries" national park.
The municipality has a well developed transport infrastructure. The "Blue road" connecting Finland to Petrozavodsk and other cities of North-western Russia crosses the territory.
The territory possesses the following natural resources (workable reserves): natural facing stone, including granites, dolomites, marbles, building stone - diabases, gabbrodiabases, limestone, clays, lean sands.
The district specializes in the following sectors: iron and steel production and rolling ("Vartsila metallurgical factory" stock co.); building materials production including crushed stone, prefabricated reinforced iron constructions, wall material; facing and building stone extraction, wood industry, food industry (fish processing).
The district centre is Pitkaranta. The district has quite lengthy transport communications (over 600 km). The vegetation cover is dominated by coniferous forests. The recreational potential is quite high.
The territory possesses the following natural resources (workable reserves): timber, mineral resources: feldspar ores, natural facing stone - dolomites, granites, building stone, tin ore scarns, boulder and gravel material, zinc ores and ore manifestations, diamond manifestations.
The district specializes in the following sectors: natural stone extraction and processing, pulp-and-paper industry ("Pitkarantsky pulp mill" stock co.), building materials industry, wood industry.
The district centre is Olonets. The "Kola" motor road and a railway line to Sortavala run through the territory. The vegetation cover is dominated by coniferous and mixed forests. The proportion of cultivated land and the land used in agriculture is quite large.
The territory possesses the following natural resources (workable reserves): boulder and gravel material, mineral paints, timber.
The district specializes in the following sectors: agriculture (meat and diary, and specialized diary farming, forage crop cultivation and processing, potato growing), peat extraction and processing, wood industry.