Baltic Fund for Nature

Protected Areas

Protected areas (PA) are component parts of the national wealth forming, together with rare and endangered plant and animal species of the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and Red Data Books of its republics, the reserved nature fund of the Russian Federation, and are provided with special protection by the state. The basic law governing PA's is the Federal Law about "Protected areas".

The new law defines territories with 7 statuses as protected areas: strict nature reserves (zapovedniks), nature reserves (zakazniks), national parks, nature parks, nature monuments, forest-parks, botanical gardens, therapeutic areas and health resorts

The law is however a framework document. Being a Federal law it does not take the specific features of the Leningrad region and the subjects of the Federation located in its territory into account.

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About project
  • Background
  • Purpose and Objectives
  • Project Personnel

  • Legislative basis
  • Legislation
  • Lake Ladoga drainage area as a management object

  • Environment
  • Geomorphology and landscapes
  • Climate
  • Waters, sediments and biota
  • Water - Land Border Zone
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems

  • Natural resources
  • Mineral
  • Agricultural
  • Forest
  • Fish
  • Game
  • Tourism

  • Protected areas
  • Leningrad region
  • Republic of Karelia

  • Social and demographic situation
  • History of the area
  • Population numbers and structure
  • Employment structure

  • Economy
  • Industry
  • Exploitation of mineral resources
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Fisheries
  • Hunting
  • Tourism
  • Transport
  • Economical significance of natural resources and resource use

  • Ecological assessment
  • Sources of human impact
  • Assessment of the state of ecosystem components
  • Hot spots

  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Development scenarios
  • Proposed strategies

  • Literature

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